Naturalist glossary

A

Amplexus

Mating method of toads and frogs in which the male clings to the female’s back.

AUTOTOMY

Reflex mutilation of a part of the body in certain animals (crustaceans, lizards) or during a regeneration process (amphibians).

B

C

D

E

Exuvium

Envelope that the animal’s body has left during moulting or metamorphosis, leaving a new cuticle ready underneath the previous one.

F

G

H

HERPETOLOGY

(from ancient Greek: herpetón = “that crawls, reptile”)
Branch of natural history that deals with amphibians and reptiles.

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

PAROTOÏD GLANDS

Parotoid glands are subcutaneous exocrine glands located on the back, neck and shoulders of certain toads and salamanders.

POIKILOTHERMIC

Poikilothermic (or “cold-blooded”) animals are those whose body temperature varies with that of their environment.

Q

R

S

Spermatophore

Capsule or mass used for reproduction in many animals, created by males and containing spermatozoa (arachnids, insects, newts, etc.)

T

TADPOLE

Amphibian larva with a large head extended by a slender body, which breathes through gills.

U

V

VOCAL SAC

Evagination of the floor of the mouth, designed to amplify sounds by forming a resonance chamber.

W

X

Y

Z